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CONTINENTAL PERSPECTIVE

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Along with major structural problems like the scarcity of (if not absence of) career prospects for graduates of high schools and universities, the influence of poverty on education in East Africa continues to rank among the region's greatest concerns. (Phillip, 2017).

 

 This is among the reasons we concentrate on creating cost-effective, high-quality homes. By increasing school attendance and reducing the dropout rate, this not only improves the health of entire families and communities, but it also gives kids a secure place to complete their homework. Some less fortunate people can not afford good housing and therefore have to live under difficult conditions. Could be one bedroom houses or houses with leaks and inadequate lighting. These are not proper studying conditions and so this limits how much they can work at home. (Phillip, 2017). 

 

Despite advancements over the last ten years, 67 million children worldwide—of whom roughly 53% are girls—do not currently have access to a basic schooling. (Phillip, 2017)

 

According to the Education Commission, just 4 out of 10 school-age children (1.4 billion children) in low- and middle-income countries will be on track to graduate with basic secondary-level abilities by 2030 if current trends continue. (Phillip, 2017)

 

(Phillip, 2017)

Lack of adequate diet can affect someone’s educational achievement. In the sense that, lack of proper nutrition due to inability to afford it can affect the concentration span of the child as well as causing them to get tired easily. This can also cause them to get sick easily which affects their time in school and eventually, their achievement. (SOS Children’s Villages, 2014)

In Africa, 30%+ of the children suffer from different growth disorders due to malnutrition which causes underdevelopment not only physically but mentally (SOS Children’s Villages, 2014)

 

Child labour 

According to International Labour Organisation, Child labour is defined as work given to children that deny them their childhood and dignity as well as interfere with school and affect their physical and mental health. These could be very perilous jobs. In less fortunate houses, Children are forced to work in order to help support the family. This denies them the chance to go to school, thus limiting their educational achievement. In rare cases that they do go to school, It is  a bit difficult for them to balance school and work especially at their growing ages. (Ilo.org, 2020)

 

ILO states that in Africa, more than 1/5th of the children work which is twice as much as the percentage in any other region

 

Africa has the most child labourers; 72.1 million African children are estimated to be in child labour, with 31.5 million working in perilous circumstances.


 

In Africa, progress against child labour appears to have stopped. Child labour increased in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2012 and 2016, despite continued progress everywhere else in the world and despite targeted policies put in place by African governments to help fight this issue. Although more research is needed, it is likely that the retrogression was driven in large part by broader economic and demographic forces working against government efforts. The Africa region has also been among those most affected by state fragility and crisis, which heightens the risk of child labour.

Economic Inequality Patterns in Sub-Saharan Africa: Divergence, Determinants and Consequences, a recently published UNDP research, names the unequal distribution of basic amenities like schools as one of the causes of stark income disparities. (Africa Renewal, 2017)

 

The lead editor of the report and UNDP’s chief economist, Ayodele Odusol, states: “Quality education is key to social mobility and can thus help reduce poverty, although it may not necessarily reduce [income] inequality.” (Africa Renewal, 2017)

 

The state of a school environment has a heavy impact on the educational achievement of the student. For instance, Parents send their children to schools that they can afford. In several African countries, Most citizens can only afford public education. In public schools, the environment is not learning friendly. Some learn under trees despite harsh weather conditions. One classroom can accommodate 70+ students with only one teacher. This does not ensure all students get equal attention. (Africa Renewal, 2017)

 

Additionally, some schools can not afford to feed the children and so they are sent home (mostly on foot) to eat lunch and come back to school. Some students do not have food at home, as mentioned earlier

 

Public schools also can not afford extra learning materials like computers and extra revision books. (Africa Renewal, 2017)

References

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