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Image by Ian Macharia

NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE

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What are the problems resulting to national Poverty and Inequality:

  • INEQUALITY AND MARGINALISATION

  • CONFLICT

  • HUNGER, MALNUTRITION, AND STUNTING

  • POOR HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS — ESPECIALLY FOR MOTHERS AND CHILDREN

  • LITTLE OR NO ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER, SANITATION, AND HYGIENE. 

  • CLIMATE CHANGE

  • LACK OF EDUCATION

  • POOR PUBLIC WORKS AND INFRASTRUCTURE.

Perspectives on the Cause of Poverty.

Behavioural Perspective: In these theories, behaviour is the key mechanism directly causing poverty (AEI-Brookings 2015, Sawhill 2003). According to this explanation, the poor are poor because they engage in counterproductive, poverty-increasing behaviour or risks like single motherhood or unemployment (Bertrand et al. 2004, Durlauf 2011)

Structural Perspective: Structural theories emphasise the demographic and labour market context, which causes both behaviour and poverty.

Political Perspective: Political theories contend that power and institutions cause policy, which causes poverty and moderates the relationship between behaviour and poverty.

Relating Poverty to Education

We acknowledge that corruption of the environment tends to harm rural populaces more straightforwardly than the urban ones, and  have its most extreme effect on the poor. The poor do not have suitable means for adapting with the educational degradation. The wealthy, however, get a more prominent share of services available from the environment; they tend to expand these and  are buffered from inaccessibility of such services by their capacity to pay higher costs for the scarcer administrations and/or purchase substitutes.

Lack of well-defined property rights, power, human capital and political linkages make the poor lack access to normal assets to the advantage of capable operators like the state, huge firms or persuasive people based on their education. 

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